Average Depth: 14.01 feet
Shoreline Length: 7.2 miles
Boat Fishing? 85hp
Boat Ramps? Yes
Boat Rental? No
There are no zebra mussels in this lake.
Lake Status Summary ( Full PDF Report )
In 2016, 10 fish were sampled, which ranged from 27 to 37.4 inches long. The turbid water conditions have permitted natural reproduction and recruitment to maintain the blue catfish population. Fishing Regulation: 6 fish daily limit.
The bluegill survey was high in 2016, however indications are that very few bluegill are over 7 inches at this time. The recent introduction of the gizzard shad has had a negative effect on the bluegill body condition due to food competition.
The population has continued to improve in body condition and population levels since 1992. The gizzard shad forage base is probably responsible for the body condition improvement. In 2016, fish collected had excellent body condition and 61% of the fish were over 18 inches in length. The turbid water conditions have permitted natural reproduction and recruitment to maintain the channel catfish population. Fishing Regulation: 6 fish daily limit.
There are more black than white crappie present in 2016. The quality of the crappie population has improved dramatically over the past 10 years. An average population is now present. The current population is present at a low density of fish from 6 to 12 inches. The white crappie are present in a much higher density of quality fish. The white crappie population values showed 25% of the fish over 10 inches, and the black crappie values showed 2% of the fish over 10 inches.
In 2016, flathead catfish sampled ranged in size from 8.5 to 37 inches in length. The turbid water conditions and riprap shoreline areas have permitted natural reproduction and recruitment to maintain the flathead catfish population.
In 2016, the electrofishing sampling for bass was at the management goal. Maintaining a stable bass population density will require consistent recruitment at least every other year. The size distribution and the percentage of bass over 15 and 18 inches is good. 40% were over 15 inches and 12% were over 18 inches. The body condition of bass at all sizes has remained good with the introduction of the gizzard shad. Fishing Regulation: 3 fish daily limit; 15" minimum length limit.
In 2016, 13 muskie were sampled in the spring trapnet survey. They ranged from 16.5 to 38.2 inches in length and were in excellent body condition. The shad forage base will provide fast growth in Canton Lake. The main mortality in Canton Lake for muskie will probably be escapement over the spillway during annual high water events. Fishing Regulation: 1 fish daily limit; 42" minimum length limit.
Location: Canton Lake is located 1 mile northest of the town of Canton in Fulton County.
Description: Canton Lake is a 250-acre lake constructed in 1939 and was the primary potable water source for the city of Canton. Canton Lake has a maximum depth of 35 feet and an average depth of 14 feet. This water reservoir holds approximately 3,500 acre feet of water with 7.2 miles of shoreline. The 9,728 acre watershed is 82% agricultural, 12% woodland, and 6% municipal and residential. Historical water quality samples revealed a secchi disk average of 23 inches, a pH of 8.3, and total alkalinity of 135 mg/L. Conductivity readings averaged 375 umhos.
No submerged rooted aquatic vegetation is present in Canton Lake.
History and Status of the Sport Fishery: The overall sport fishery of Canton Lake has been at an average level over the last 20 years. The high density carp population and sedimentation problem have a direct negative effect of the rooted, submerged aquatic plants. With turbid water conditions, the carp thrive and continue the poor water quality, thus affecting the food chain and sport fish population. The addition of gizzard shad and yellow bass have made Canton Lake very difficult to manage for quality largemouth bass and bluegill.
IDNR conducts annual surveys to measure trends in fishery population dynamics, angling regulations and progress toward management goals.
The sport fishery in Canton Lake has developed into a quality location for flathead, blue and channel catfish. In 1997, 1998 and 1999, a total of 990 flathead catfish were stocked into Canton lake from the Illinois River periodically from June until January. In 1999 and 2001, blue catfish were stocked into Canton Lake in three stockings with a total of 15,200 fish stocked. All three species have established naturally reproducing populations in Canton Lake with quality fish present.
Starting in 2000, pure muskie have been stocked semiannually in Canton Lake.
Supplemental largemouth bass stockings have occurred when surplus fish are available from the state hatchery. Food competition and/or lack of desirable food (aquatic insects, larval fish) for young bass under nine inches is probably a major factor in poor recruitment of young bass to larger sizes in Canton Lake. Once reaching approximately nine inches, the bass are able to eat larger food (small fish) and not have the food source competition with yellow bass, crappie, bluegill and carp.
Additional species that have historically been collected in limited numbers include golden shiner, black bullhead, white sucker, green wunfish, yellow bullhead, northern pike and white catfish.
Additional Lake Information: All fish species: 2 Pole and line fishing only.
Recreational Use Restriction: All live bait greater than 8 inches must be rigged with a quick set rig.
Contact Information: Canton City Hall 309-647-0020IDNR Fisheries County Fish Biologist309-446-9143
|2017 Approved or Pending Tournaments|
|Start Date||End Date |
(if different from start)
|May-20||6437||Canton Lake||boathook||20||Largemouth Bass|
|June-04||5630||Canton Lake||boathook||12||Largemouth Bass||No|
|August-12||5390||Canton Lake||boathook||15||Largemouth Bass||No|
|August-13||5543||Canton Lake||boathook||10||Largemouth Bass||No|
|September-24||4632||Canton Lake||boathook||17||Largemouth Bass||No|