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Lake Information

County: Peoria

Acreage: 45

Recreational Amenities

Boat Fishing? 25hp Limit

Boat Ramps? No

Boat Rental? No

Skiing? No

Swimming? No

Picnicking? Yes

Camping? Yes

larger map link West End East End

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    East End, West End

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There are zebra mussels in this lake.

Fish Stocking






Channel Catfish

Non-vulnerable 8 - 10"








Fingerling 1 - 3"



Channel Catfish

Advanced Fingerling 4 - 7"


Additional information for stocking on Wheel Lake - Banner Marsh

Fishing Outlook  ( Full PDF Report )

Click here for a list of all reports.



Fish Status



The bluegill and redear sunfish population was not sampled for data in 2020. The bluegill and redear populations continue to have poor size strucTture and body condition. The food and space competition with gizzard shad and common carp have continued the slow growth of the panfish.



The channel catfish population was represented by 8 fish. These fish were in good body condition with an average Wr of 90. The PSD of 71 and RSD18 of 29 indicates a population of large fish is present. 904 channel catfish were stocked in 2020.



In 2020, 21 black crappie were sampled with a PSD of 62, RSD9 of 19 and a RSD10 of 19. 6 white crappie were sampled with a PSD of 100, RSD9 of 83, RSD10 of 83 and a RSD11 of 83. The body condition ratings were 84 and 96. Both crappie populations have seen an improvement in size indices since 2018. In 2018, the crappie harvest regulation changes to a harvest limit of 25 fish per day with only 10 fish over 10 inches allowed. Anglers should be able to concentrate on crappie with the flooded brush providing excellent habitat.



A brood stock introduction of Flathead catfish was completed in 2000. 126 fish were stocked at an average weight of 4.9 pounds each. These fish should reproduce and maintain a low density population in the Marsh. Their diet has been shown to consist mainly of gizzard shad, bullheads, crawfish, carp, bluegill and crappie. In 2019, 6 fish from 18 to 37 inches were collected. And in 2020, 1 fish was collected at 19 inches in length. Natural reproduction and recruitment has been occurring in Wheel Lake.



In 2020, no spring trapnetting was completed due to COVID work restrictions. Fall D.C. electrofishing was used to survey the fish population. The largemouth bass population was evaluated by 252 bass in 115 minutes of electrofishing in 2020. The largemouth bass population indices showed a high percentage of fish from 6 to 21 inches with average to good relative weight values. In 2000, the bass regulation for the Marsh was changed from a 14 inch minimum size limit and 1 fish per day - to a 12 to 18 inch protected slot length with a harvest of 3 fish under or over the slot per day. The 2020 electofishing survey indicated a size structure that is continuing to maintain a good level and stability since 2001. The PSD of 56, RSD14 of 32, RSD16 of 12 and the RSD18 of 4 have been consistent since 2016. The average body condition was a little low at 90. The goal of the protected slot length limit was to create a high density bass population that is composed of fish large enough to LAKE MANAGEMENT STATUS REPORT WHEEL LAKE PAGE 4 be efficient predators upon the high density of slow growing panfish and the rough fish population. The benefit to bass anglers will be more fish surviving past 14 inches to catch, and for the anglers wanting to harvest bass will be the opportunity to harvest more fish. The online IFISH tournament registration and result system was started in 2015. The tournament results showed these anglers spent 2,843 hours in 2016, 1,604 hours in 2017, 1,514 hours in 2018, and 1,220 hours in 2019 on Wheel Lake. They reported 392 legal fish in 2016 for .14 fish per angler hour. They reported 307 legal fish in 2017 for .19 fish per angler hour. They reported 260 legal fish in 2018 for .17 fish per angler hour. They reported 202 legal fish in 2019 for .17 fish per angler hour. They reported 302 legal fish in 2020 for .19 fish per angler hour.


Very Good

No spring trap netting for muskie population analysis occurred in 2020 due to COVID work restrictions. A total of 6 muskie were sampled by the spring trapnet survey in 2019. These fish ranged from 29.5 to 40.7 inches long. The body condition of these fish was good at an average Wr of 101. Muskie had been stocked annually in Wheel lake since the fall of 1996 at a rate of 1/acre. No muskie were stocked in 2015 or 2016. In 2017, 352 fish at 12.4 inches were stocked. No muskie stocking occurred in 2020 due to COVID production issues at Jake Wolf Hatchery. A triennial stocking is now scheduled to maintain a moderate density of healthy muskie. Illinois (Jake Wolf) muskie strain appear to be doing very good in this lake.



White bass have been collected since 2010 in IDNR surveys. They were probably an introduction by anglers from the Illinois River. In 2020, a total of 1 white bass was collected at 17 inches. In 2019, a total of 13 white bass were collected from 12.6 to 17.7 inches. The body condition was good at a Wr of 92. It appears natural reproduction is now occurring enough to support recruitment in the lake. A low density population will probably be maintained.

Location: Wheel Lake is located in Central Illinois in the 5,524 acre Banner Marsh State Fish and Wildlife Area, which lies adjacent to the Illinois River, 4 miles north of Banner, Illinois, along Route 24.

Description: Banner Marsh SFWA was characterized by narrow strip pits and upland ponds, but in 1994, the hydrology changed due to the intentional cessation of pumping operations in the levee district. The water level rose approximately 7 feet (435 M.S.L.) due mainly to groundwater recharge by seepage under the existing 1-100 year flood-tight levee with the Illinois River. The total surface water acreage for the site increased from 530 acres to approximately 2400 acres and created a large vegetated littoral zone.

Wheel Lake (approximately 350 acres) is a deep final cut lake which is connected to a large series of strip mine wheel cut lakes. The wheel cut portion contains points, islands, flooded brush and diverse aquatic vegetation, while the final cut portion has little littoral zone and gravel substrate. The maximum water depth is 60 feet. Water clarity averages 4 feet in the summer.

History and Status of the Sport Fishery: The former bottomland lake and marsh was leveed and drained for agricultural practice from 1910 through 1958. From 1958 to1974 approximately 90 percent of the site was strip-mined for coal. The strip-mined areas have since been reclaimed and purchased by the State of Illinois. Under the management of the Illinois Department of Natural Resources (1978 - present) the primary objective for the site is to establish a freshwater marsh providing fish and wildlife habitat in the Illinois River Valley.

Additional Lake Information: The East Point access area has a concrete boat ramp, 50 vehicle and trailer parking lot, restrooms and a picnic pavilion. The lake has a 25 hp motor limit. The site is open 24 hours a day, except for the Central Zone Duck Season, at which time only shoreline fishing is allowed after 1:00 p.m. Two-pole and line fishing only, except carp can be taken by bow and arrow devices, gigs or spears during May through August.

Site Regulations:

White, Black, or Hybrid Crappie:
- 25 Fish Daily Harvest Limit with no more than 10 fish greater than or equal to 10 inches.
Large or Smallmouth Bass:
- Protected Slot Length Limit from 12 to 18 inches with 3 fish daily harvest limit.
- 42 inch minimum and 1 fish per day harvest limit.
Channel Catfish:
- 6 Fish Daily Harvest Limit
- 14 inch minimum and 6 fish daily Harvest Limit
Recreational Use Restrictions:
-All live bait > 8 inch must be rigged with a quick set rig
-Waterfowl refuge or hunting area

Contact Information:
Rice Lake State Fish and Wildlife Area
IDNR Fisheries Biologist, Rob Hilsabeck

There were 8 tournaments held on this waterbody in 2022.

Species Total Fish Caught
Largemouth Bass 290

Top 5 Largemouth Bass caught on this waterbody in 2022 tournaments:

1     4.56 lbs
2     4.56 lbs
3     4.52 lbs
4     4.44 lbs
5     4.30 lbs

Top 5 Total Tournament Weight of Largemouth Bass caught on this waterbody in 2022 tournaments:

1 102.13 lbs
2 52.23 lbs
3 45.25 lbs
4 33.12 lbs
5 25.19 lbs

Multiple day tournaments are listed with * end date.

Interested in participating in one of these public tournaments? Contact us with tournament ID for more information.

2022-2023 Approved or Pending Tournaments
Start Date ID Approval Ramp Location Bank/Boat
Max Boats Species Youth? Open to Public?
April-0823852ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
50Largemouth Bass
April-2224111ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
8Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
May-0622629ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
30Largemouth Bass
May-0623666ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
6Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
May-2022562ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
May-2024112ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
8Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
June-0423172ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
15Largemouth Bass
June-1022502ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
15Largemouth Bass
July-1523933ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
20Largemouth Bass
August-1223673ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
6Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
September-2422861ApprovedBanner Marsh Wheel Lake boat
18Largemouth Bass